Day Trip to Sighisoara, Viscri and Rupea Fortress from Brasov

2 Ratings
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  • Group Tour
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  • 8 hr

Sighisoara, a monument protected by UNESCO since 1999, included on the world heritage list, boasts a medieval fortress inhabited today. For the first time in 1280, a fortress was built here. In the 14th century under the citadel were established craftsmen organized in strong guilds, which built around the fortress a stone defense wall, 930 meters long and 4 meters high. Rupea Citadel Romanian: Cetatea Rupea, German: Burg Reps, Hungarian: Kőhalmi vár is one of the oldest archaeological sites in Romania, the first signs of human settlements dating from the Paleolithic and early Neolithic. The first documentary attestation dates from 1324 when the Saxons revolted against King Charles I of Hungary and took refuge inside the citadel. According to archaeologists, the current citadel was built on the ruins of a former Dacian defense fort conquered by the Romans. The name of the citadel comes from Latin rupes meaning ston.

Itinerary Details

Operated by: Brasov Travel

This is a typical itinerary for this product

Stop At: Sighisoara Historic Center

Sighisoara Fortress, considered the largest medieval fortress in Europe inhabited without interruption, but also the best preserved city fortress in Transylvania, the most attractive and complete medieval urban complex in Romania, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1999. On the site of today's Sghişoara was the Roman military guard post Sandava, founded by German settlers in the North Rhine region, who had been invited to settle in Transylvania by the king of Hungary, Géza II, to defend the eastern borders. Here, the settlers receive in use "fundus regius" ("Christian land") and enjoy special rights and privileges.

Duration: 2 hour

Stop At: Cetatea Rupea

The center of the medieval Seat of Rupea, an important administrative unit centuries ago in Transylvania, the fortress expands on three levels: the Upper, the Middle, and the Lower. Each has its own towers and is separated by a curtain wall with distinct features representative of the military knowledge at the time of their construction. Founded by the German colonists, the fortress also saved their lives during internal fights like the 14th-century conflict with King Charles Robert of Anjou of Hungary. First mentioned in 1324, Rupea Fortress extends on almost 11 hectares. Its three levels were built in different moments, the newer ones enclosing the top fortification that most likely dates from the 13th century. A few small houses built directly in the basalt rock are still preserved on the highest part of the monument.

Duration: 1 hour

Stop At: Viscri Fortified Church

Viscri is best-known for its white fortified church, first mentioned in 1400 as Alba Ecclesia. Like most monuments of the time, the church went through different construction phases. The local Szekler population was the first to build a small church on the site in the early 12th century. Decades later, the German colonists took over control of the land and started a new chapter in its history. During the 13th century, they built the main tower on the west side and enlarged the nave of the church towards the east. Its fortification started later, during the 15th century, and is partially preserved until today. Parts of its fortification elements were demolished after the Ottoman threat disappeared or were used for more peaceful purposes like storage rooms and kindergarten space.

Duration: 2 hour
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